Sometimes a previously implanted surgical valve will become stenotic or leaky and will need to be replaced. If the Heart Team determines that you are at high risk or too sick for open-heart surgery, TAVR may be an option. Per catheter technique, this less invasive procedure allows a new valve to be inserted within your failing surgical valve. Once the new valve is expanded, it pushes the old valve leaflets out of the way and the tissue in the replacement valve takes over the job of regulating blood flow.
When your valve is narrowed and does not completely open. This can be caused by things like a build-up of calcium or high cholesterol.
When your surgical valve does not fully close and allows blood to leak backward through the valve.
Patients who feel sick from a failing aortic surgical heart valve and who are at high or greater risk for open heart surgery can benefit from transcatheter aortic valve replacement.