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Heart attacks are more common in smokers than in nonsmokers. Nicotine constricts blood vessels, and carbon monoxide damages their inner lining, making them more susceptible to plaque build-up.
A diet high in fat, sugar, cholesterol, and salt can contribute to the development of heart disease.
Lack of exercise is associated with many forms of heart disease. Physical activity helps to strengthen and improve your heart and blood vessels.
Excess weight typically worsens other risk factors.
Diabetes increases your risk of heart disease. Your fasting blood surge should be less than 100 mg/dl.
Uncontrolled high blood pressure can result in hardening and thickening of your arteries, narrowing the vessels through which blood flows. – Blood Pressure should be less than 130/80 mm Hg
High levels of cholesterol in your blood can increase the risk of plaque formation – Your total cholesterol should be less than 200 mg/dl – (HDL > 40 mg/dl and LDL < 100 mg/dl)
Know your risk factors!
Aging increases your risk of damaged and narrowed arteries and weaken heart muscle.
Men are generally at greater risk of heart disease. However, women’s risk increases after menopause.
A family history of heart disease increase your risk of coronary artery disease, especially if a parent developed it early: before age 55 for a make relative (brother or father), or 65 for a female relative (sister or mother).